Rottweilers require balanced nutrition to stay healthy. Their dietary needs depend on breed, size, age, and activity level. This article summarizes the latest scientific recommendations on canine nutrition from the National Academies report “Nutrient Requirements of Rottweilers and Cats.”
Proteins and Fats
Rottweilers need amino acids from protein for growth, maintenance and reproduction. High quality proteins contain balanced amounts of the 10 essential amino acids dogs cannot synthesize.
Fats provide concentrated energy. Essential fatty acids in fats maintain skin and coat health. Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids support vision, cognition and immunity.
Carbohydrates, protein and fat provide energy measured in calories. Calorie needs range from 990 per day for a 10 lb puppy to 1540 for a 90 lb active adult dog.
Growing puppies need about twice the calories per pound as adults. Older dogs require 20% fewer calories than active adults.
Lactating dogs need increased calories based on litter size, peaking in weeks 3-4.
Vitamins and Minerals
Rottweilers need 13 vitamins and 12 essential minerals in their diet. Deficiencies or excesses in vitamins A, D, E, K, B and others can cause serious health problems.
Calcium, phosphorus and magnesium maintain bone health. Sodium, potassium and chloride support nerve function. Iron enables blood cell formation.
Meat is not essential. Rottweilers can thrive on a vegetarian diet with sufficient protein. Aim for at least 10% calories from protein.
Limit treats and avoid table scraps to prevent obesity, which affects 1 in 4 dogs.
Feed puppies 2-3 times a day and adults once or twice daily.
Ensure fresh water is always available, especially during exercise.
In summary, proper canine nutrition provides a balanced diet with adequate protein, fats, vitamins and minerals tailored to your dog’s needs. Talk to your veterinarian for recommendations specific to your pet’s breed, age and health status.